llover effects on the developing economies, particularly tho

with high export exposure to the impacted economies

. A more protracted period of weak international trade activity could also harm investment pr

ospects and adversely affect productivity growth in the medium term.”

The report indicated that the entire global economy is experiencing a broad-based growth slowdown amid unresolved tra

de tensions, high international policy uncertainty and softening business confidence.

The forecast for weaker global growth casts a shadow over efforts to im

plement the UN’s 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which has set universal go

als for eliminating poverty, promoting prosperity and social well-being while protecting the environment.

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Telecom carriers, chipmakers and smartphone vendors

 in China are ready to commercialize 5G. China will directly grant 5G licenses, instead of the prev

ious plan to give several key cities interim 5G licenses, to better time the rollout,” said a source clo

sed to the telecom industry regulator who asked to remain anonymous because public statements are not authorized.

Michael Gao Wenhao, deputy general manager of the 5G industrial products line at ZTE, disclosed at a 5G conference in

Hong Kong on Thursday that “China is likely to start commercial use of 5G nationwide on Oct 1”.

He told China Daily that he got the information from the country’s major telecom operators.

China said earlier that it was considering a pre-commercial launch of 5G this year, follo

wed by large-scale commercialization in 2020. Miao Wei, minister of industry an

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Also on Friday, shortly after the US said it would ban Hua

 Huawei from buying US technology without special approval, Huawei’s chipmaking arm, HiSilico

n, said it has long been prepared for the “extreme scenario” of the US blocking access to some components and technologies.

“We have been developing backup products for years in anticipation. … Such efforts can ensure the strategic safety of most of the

company’s products and a continuous supply of most products,” said HiSilicon President He Tingbo in an internal letter.

Foreign Ministry spokesman Lu Kang said at a news conference

on Friday that the development and utilization of 5G depends on global cooperation, and i

nterference by the US undermines the principle of fair competition and shows a lack of respect for other countries.

HiSilicon, which was founded in 2004, has designed chipsets like Kirin, which has b

een used in Huawei’s high-end smartphones. In addition to server chips, the company has also

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protections made noticeable progress in China last yea

 because of multiple measures, including improved legislation, intensified law enforcement and more international coopera

tion, according to the Report on the Latest Development in IPR Protection and Business Environment in China.

Law enforcement authorities in China handled 215,000 cases involvin

g counterfeit products last year, including 77,000 cases involving patent infr

ingement, said Gan Lin, vice-minister of the State Administration for Market Regulation.

Courts across China concluded nearly 320,000 IPR cases of various type

s last year, an increase of 41.6 percent over the prev

ious year. More than 5,600 criminal suspects involved in IPR infringement were arrested last year, Jin said.

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fornia synagogue shooting suspect identified as

 The suspect of Saturday’s synagogue shooting in San Diego, C

alifornia, has been identified as 19-year-old John Earnest, authorities said.

The suspect has no prior contact with law enforcement, said San Diego Sheriff Bill Gore.

Authorities are aware of an online manifesto that Earnest wrote, and are looking

into digital evidence and checking the authenticity of the document, according to Gore.

“We are serving search warrants for the suspect’s home, car and the Ch

abad of Poway,” he said, adding that officials are checking Earnest’s possible involvement in the

arson and vandalism of mosque in Escondido, a city northeast of downtown San Diego.

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In addition, the NHC also asked the health authoritie

ies of all levels to crack down on ophthalmic medical institutions without a legal lice

nse and strengthen inspection of ophthalmic products and medical instruments in the notice.

Legal experts called for China to protect juveniles through cybersecurity legislation a

nd redoubled efforts against school bullying after several cases aroused public outrage and concern.

Fang Yan, a lawyer from Shaanxi province, said that it’s good to see the nation adding to the protectio

n of juveniles in the past few years, “but in some new aspects, such as cyberspace, the protection is far from enough”.

At the end of 2018, China had 829 million netizens, of whom almost 20 percent w

ere under the age of 18, according to the China Internet Network Information Center.

Another report released by the center in March said that 15.6 percent of juven

iles had experienced disturbances, insults or privacy leaks online, while 30.3 percent said

they had been exposed to pornography, gambling or drugs in cyberspace.

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The gaokao has its faults, but at least it judges all stud

“However, independent enrollment has evolved into a situation where rich people find ways to get their children extra

points. Third-party organizations should be involved in the process to make it fairer and more transparent,” he said.

Xiong Bingqi, vice-president of the 21st Century Education Research Institute, said the goal of independent college adm

ission is to establish a system of multiple evaluations, instead of judging students by test scores alone.

However, students who qualify for independent enrollment also must take the gaokao, and their scores in the exam rem

in an important basis for admission, Xiong said. So students and their parents are still focused on the scores.

Moreover, the pilot program has failed to help establish a two-way a

dmission mechanism between colleges and students. Independent enrollment refo

rm has increased the right of colleges to choose students, but students still have limited ability to seek admission to the coll

ege of their choice, as one student normally gets a call for admission from just one institution, he said.

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Top court’s new IP tribunal upholds French firm’s patent

The top court on Wednesday ruled in favor of a French global automotive supplier in a patent dispute

with two Chinese car accessory companies amid the country’s intensified efforts to protect intellectual property rights.

It was also the first public hearing by the Intellectual Property Court of the Supreme People’s Court since the special court was set up on Jan 1.

Valeo Systemes d’Essuyage, one of the world’s leading auto component providers, sued X

iamen Lukasi Car Accessories Co and Xiamen Fuke Wiper Co, two companies based in Fujian pro

vince, claiming infringement of Valeo’s patent on a connector for windshield wipers.

An IP court in Shanghai reached a verdict on Jan 22 finding that the two Chinese companies must cease their infring

ement. The two companies appealed to the top court, insisting that their products did not infringe on Valeo’s patent rights.

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As a professional writer, Chu has interviewed dozens of peop

 from across the country who moved to Dali. She and her husband, who help organize activities

such as gardening, hiking and cycling for newcomers, have a big circle of friends who have relocated to the city.

“People have different reasons for leaving, ranging from the need to take care of elderly pare

nts who have stayed in their hometowns, to taking their children back to big cities for better education,” she said.

People are also leaving because after two or three years without work, they need to find paid employment.

In recent years, thousands of people have moved to Dali from big cities. The exact number is not kno

wn, but a rough estimate from the local government shows that about 40,000 newcomers are living in the city.

Many people decided to leave their jobs and move to Dali from large cities such as Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou, capital of Guangdong pro

vince, due to work pressures and surging property prices, which have been hotly debated nationwide in recent years.

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High-tech manufacturing, the service industry and the digi

ital economy will be the new engines for the economy, while some traditional driv

ing forces, such as injecting funds into the market, are losing momentum, Zhu said.

China’s total GDP exceeded 90 trillion yuan ($13.4 trillion) in 2018, and the per capita GDP was

about $9,700. Economists predict that if the country maintains growth of at least 6 percent this

year, which is likely given the current momentum, its per capita GDP this year would surpass $10,000.

That means China would move closer to the standards for a “high-inco

me country” — above $12,736 in per capital GDP — set by the World Bank in 2015.

However, a productivity slowdown, aging population and unbalanced regional development could be among the “bot

tlenecks” that constrain China in becoming a high-income country, economists said.

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